Enforcement of mediation settlement agreements in the EU: the Solo Kleinmotoren Judgment and the need of reform
Dr. Haris Meidanis
Meidanis Seremetakis & Associates, Athens
Dr. Adeline Chong
Singapore Management University
The Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign B2B Blockchain-Based Arbitral Awards by National Courts: Hype or Reality?
Dr. Sara Hourani
Middlesex University London
Dr. Apostolos Anthimos
The reciprocity condition and the enforcement of foreign judgments in Kuwait. The barriers created by this condition and a re-think towards possible reform
Dr. Bashayer Alghanim
When considering whether to recognise and enforce a foreign judgment, should the domestic court accord the foreign court international jurisdiction on the basis that the judgment debtor was domiciled there?
An analysis of the approach taken by courts in the Republic of South Africa.
Anthony Kennedy / Andrew Moran
BPP Law School / Serle Court, London
The Roman-Dutch common law of the Republic of South Africa states that a foreign judgment is not directly enforceable in that jurisdiction.
For a foreign judgment to be recognised and enforced in the Republic of South Africa (‘RSA’), it must be shown, inter alia, that the foreign court which pronounced the judgment had jurisdiction to do so (i.e. that it had “international jurisdiction”). In addition to the established bases of international jurisdiction (residence, submission and presence), it has been held that where, at the time of commencement of the proceedings, the judgment debtor was domiciled within the state in which the foreign court exercised jurisdiction, that foreign court has international jurisdiction according to the common law of the RSA. This position, different to that presently adopted by the English common law but likely to be followed in other Southern African Roman-Dutch law jurisdictions, has been criticised.
Prof. Gerry Maher
University of Edinburgh
This paper will focus on the approach taken by the common law of the UK legal systems to the recognition and enforcement of external judgments. Two factors justify this particular focus. The first is the uncertainty in the post—Brexit era of the UK making any agreement with the EU which would apply a modified or bespoke version of the Brussels I bis Regulation on the enforcement of judgments. The second is the difficulty of predicting the success of the 2018 Draft Hague Conference Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments, both in terms of consensus on a final draft of the Convention and the likely geographical scope of its ratification and accession.
The consequence is that in the UK common law procedures for recognition and enforcement will be increasingly resorted to for some time to come.
Recognition and Enforcement of International Mediation Settlement Agreements
under the relevant Hague Commercial Conventions
International commercial mediation has become an attractive dispute resolution mechanism for business people. Moreover, an increasing number of states have adopted, or will adopt, the rules to promote mediation and conciliation in the course of court proceedings. However, the possibility of recognition and enforcement of mediation settlement agreements approved by a court or concluded in the course of court proceedings has not been researched well. To analyse this possibility, these two instruments are relevant: the Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements, and the draft Hague Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments.